It applies to health information in all its aspects, whatever form the information takes words and numbers, sound recordings, drawings, video, and medical images , whatever means are used to store it printing or writing on paper or storage electronically , and whatever means are used to transmit it by hand, through fax, over computer networks, or by post , as the information is always be appropriately protected. That is to say, to the fullest extent possible, ISO is technology-neutral Specifically, this International Standard addresses the special information security management needs of the health sector and its unique operating environments. While the protection and security of personal information is important to all individuals, corporations, institutions and governments, there are special requirements in the health sector that need to be met to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, auditability and availability of personal health information.
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Although it covers many general aspects about information security, you can integrate it with other standards to cover specific aspects — for example, ISO for the protection of personal health information. But, you will also need ISO Let me explain that in the next point. This article can help you: Main changes in the new ISO This regulation has many common points with ISO , so you can use this standard to be compliant with HIPAA, but you need to fulfill more specific requirements to be HIPAA compliant for example, rules specifically related to privacy.
And, vice versa: if you have implement HIPAA you need to fulfill a few more requirements to be ISO compliant for example, information security incident management. ISO is only a code of best practices — like ISO — and is mainly focused on the security controls. By the way, in ISO the security controls are included in an Annex, while in ISO the security controls are a fundamental part of the standard. Therefore, in a health environment you can implement an Information Security Management System based on ISO , and implement the ISO security controls which, as you just learned, really are the ISO controls but adapted to a health environment.
ISO is a standard that establishes requirements for an Information Security Management System, and can be integrated with other standards like ISO to implement security controls, but in a health environment ISO provides specific security controls, so in this case the integration of ISO and ISO makes sense.
Threats ISO and ISO are not specifically developed for a health environment or any other environment , but in ISO we have a list of specific threats for this sector, which can be found in Annex A. They are listed below: Masquerade by insiders.
It applies to health information in all its aspects, whatever form the information takes words and numbers, sound recordings, drawings, video, and medical images , whatever means are used to store it printing or writing on paper or storage electronically , and whatever means are used to transmit it by hand, through fax, over computer networks, or by post , as the information is always be appropriately protected. That is to say, to the fullest extent possible, ISO is technology-neutral. Neutrality with respect to implementing technologies is an important feature. Security technology is still undergoing rapid development and the pace of that change is now measured in months rather than years. By contrast, while subject to periodic review, International Standards are expected on the whole to remain valid for years. Just as importantly, technological neutrality leaves vendors and service providers free to suggest new or developing technologies that meet the necessary requirements that ISO describes.
ISO 27799 Information Security Management in Health
How ISO 27001 and ISO 27799 complement each other in health organizations