Article 2 Violence against women shall be understood to include physical, sexual and psychological violence: a. Article 4 Every woman has the right to the recognition, enjoyment, exercise and protection of all human rights and freedoms embodied in regional and international human rights instruments. These rights include, among others: a. The right to have her life respected; b. The right to have her physical, mental and moral integrity respected; c. The right to personal liberty and security; d.
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Background[ edit ] In the late s use of rape as a tool in war by official regimes in El Salvador , Haiti , Peru , and other places across Latin America was exposed, while the traditional taboo on domestic violence was gradually eroded at the same time, forcing violence against women into the forefront of public discourse.
The Inter-American Consultation on Women and Violence was the first diplomatic meeting of its kind. Article 2: context in which violence against women happens. Article 4: recognition that women are entitled to all human rights, providing a number of important specific examples.
Article right of individuals, groups and NGOs to lodge complaints with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on violations of Article 7 by State parties, and the duty of the Commission to consider these claims according to established regulations and procedures. Article right of all OAS member states to sign this Convention. Article duty to ratify this Convention, and to deposit instruments of ratification at the OAS General Secretariat.
Article right of State parties, when approving, signing, ratifying or acceding to the Convention, to make reservations regarding specific provisions, as long as these are not incompatible with the object and purpose of this Convention. An amendment will enter into force when ratified by two-thirds of all State parties, and will then apply to those State parties, and to any State party which subsequently ratifies the amendment. Article stipulation that the Secretary General shall inform all OAS member states when this Convention shall enter into force.
Article stipulation that this Convention shall remain in force indefinitely, but that each State party may submit a denunciation, after which this Convention shall cease to apply to that State after one year.
Article stipulation that the original texts of this Convention are written in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, that each language version is equally authentic, that these shall be stored in the OAS General Secretariat, and copies of them shall be sent to the United Nations Secretariat. It consists of specialists serving in a personal capacity who are appointed by the State parties.
Belém do Pará Convention
Convenção de Belém do Pará