Krishna is the embodiment of love and divine joy that destroys all pain and sin. Krishna is the protector of sacred utterances and cows. Harischandra, in Hindu religious texts is the 28th king of the Solar Dynasty. His legend is very popular and often told as a benchmark for an ideal life. He was renowned for his piety and justice. Harischandra had two unique qualities.

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Hence, dharma holds one from falling down or falling to hell. Therefore, it takes the meaning of "what is established or firm", and hence "law". It is derived from an older Vedic Sanskrit n-stem dharman-, with a literal meaning of "bearer, supporter", in a religious sense conceived as an aspect of Rta. Figuratively, it means "sustainer" and "supporter" of deities.

It is semantically similar to the Greek Themis "fixed decree, statute, law". In some contemporary Indian languages and dialects it alternatively occurs as dharm. The concept, claims Paul Horsch, [26] has caused exceptional difficulties for modern commentators and translators.

The root of the word dharma is "dhri", which means "to support, hold, or bear". It is the thing that regulates the course of change by not participating in change, but that principle which remains constant. Yet, each of these definitions is incomplete, while the combination of these translations does not convey the total sense of the word. In common parlance, dharma means "right way of living" and "path of rightness".

In the earliest texts and ancient myths of Hinduism, dharma meant cosmic law, the rules that created the universe from chaos, as well as rituals; in later Vedas , Upanishads , Puranas and the Epics , the meaning became refined, richer, and more complex, and the word was applied to diverse contexts.

As with dharma, the word adharma includes and implies many ideas; in common parlance, adharma means that which is against nature, immoral, unethical, wrong or unlawful. History[ edit ] According to the authoritative book History of Dharmasastra , in the hymns of the Rigveda the word dharma appears at least fifty-six times, as an adjective or noun. According to Paul Horsch, [26] the word dharma has its origin in the myths of Vedic Hinduism.

The Brahman whom all the gods make up , claim the hymns of the Rig Veda, created the universe from chaos, they hold dhar- the earth and sun and stars apart, they support dhar- the sky away and distinct from earth, and they stabilise dhar- the quaking mountains and plains. It evolves into a concept, claims Paul Horsch, [26] that has a dynamic functional sense in Atharvaveda for example, where it becomes the cosmic law that links cause and effect through a subject.

Dharma, in these ancient texts, also takes a ritual meaning. The ritual is connected to the cosmic, and "dharmani" is equated to ceremonial devotion to the principles that gods used to create order from disorder, the world from chaos.

It is here that dharma as a concept of law emerges in Hinduism. The inscription renders the word Dharma in Sanskrit as Eusebeia in Greek, suggesting dharma in ancient India meant spiritual maturity, devotion, piety, duty towards and reverence for human community. This rock inscription contains Greek and Aramaic text. According to Paul Hacker , [40] on the rock appears a Greek rendering for the Sanskrit word dharma: the word eusebeia.


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