HORTUS CLIFFORTIANUS PDF

Title page of Hortus Cliffortianus The Hortus Cliffortianus is a work of early botanical literature published in Clifford, a wealthy Amsterdam banker was a keen botanist with a large herbarium and governor of the Dutch East India Company. He had the income to attract the talents of botanists such as Linnaeus and artists like Ehret. Together at the Clifford summer estate Hartecamp , which was located south of Haarlem in Heemstede near Bennebroek , they produced the first scholarly classification of an English garden. The garden at Hartekamp was already quite famous before George Clifford bought the place in Under his ownership, the number of unusual plants grew exponentially.

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Title page of Hortus Cliffortianus The Hortus Cliffortianus is a work of early botanical literature published in Clifford, a wealthy Amsterdam banker was a keen botanist with a large herbarium and governor of the Dutch East India Company. He had the income to attract the talents of botanists such as Linnaeus and artists like Ehret.

Together at the Clifford summer estate Hartecamp , which was located south of Haarlem in Heemstede near Bennebroek , they produced the first scholarly classification of an English garden. The garden at Hartekamp was already quite famous before George Clifford bought the place in Under his ownership, the number of unusual plants grew exponentially.

He had 4 hothouses built to house the many tropical plants that he collected through his business connections from all over the world.

He was an important friend and seed supplier for botanist Herman Boerhaave , whose summer home and garden at Oud Poelgeest was just a short trip away by trekschuit along the Haarlem-Leiden canal known as the Leidsevaart. He is known as the "father of modern taxonomy". Georg Dionysius Ehret was a botanist and entomologist, and is best known for his botanical illustrations. He is known for his keen interest in plants and gardens. In George Clifford became famous for growing the first indoor banana tree , and for this reason Carl Linnaeus was eager to work with him.

George Clifford died in and left the business and property to his sons. The banking house of Clifford under George Clifford Jr. Since then the garden has declined and is currently used as a school campus.

Sir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet, was an English naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences. View of Hartekamp from the Herenweg, the road from Haarlem to Leiden that leads along 17th and 18th century summer homes. Before its merger, it was the smallest municipality in the Netherlands, covering an area of only 1. The year in science and technology involved some significant events. The Hortus botanicus of Leiden is the oldest botanical garden of the Netherlands, and one of the oldest in the world.

It is located in the southwestern part of the historical centre of the city, between the Academy building and the old Leiden Observatory building. Sherardia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. The genus contains only one species, viz.

Sherardia arvensis or blue field madder, which is widespread across most of Europe and northern Africa as well as southwest and central Asia and Macaronesia. It was once the Buitenplaats of George Clifford, who employed Linnaeus in to write his Hortus Cliffortianus, a detailed description of the gardens of Hartecamp.

The Leidsevaart is a canal between the cities of Haarlem and Leiden in the Netherlands. It was dug in , making it one of the oldest canals in the Netherlands. It was the major means of transport between Leiden and Haarlem for almost two centuries until the rail connection was established in the 19th century. The original stops along the railway mirrored the toll bridges of the canal. Oud Poelgeest is castle in Oegstgeest, north of Leiden, that was the former home of the Dutch scientist Herman Boerhaave — He was a Dutch humanist and physician of European fame.

Philosophia Botanica was published by the Swedish naturalist and physician Carl Linnaeus — who greatly influenced the development of botanical taxonomy and systematics in the 18th and 19th centuries.

It is "the first textbook of descriptive systematic botany and botanical Latin". Johannes Burman, was a Dutch botanist and physician. Burman specialized in plants from Ceylon, Amboina and Cape Colony. The name Pelargonium was introduced by Johannes Burman. Adriaan van Royen was a Dutch botanist. He was a professor at Leiden University and is associated with Carl Linnaeus. The Clifford family was a family of bankers, merchants and regenten of English descent who were active in Amsterdam during the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries.

The family originated in northern England, although the surname originated in the village of Clifford, Herefordshire. There is no evidence that the Clifford banking family is descended from a nobleman named Clifford, who fought for William I of England.

Cleome ornithopodioides or bird spiderflower is the type species of the genus Cleome which is part of the family Cleomaceae or Brassicaceae. The species epithet means "birds-foot like". Genera Plantarum is a publication of Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus — The first edition was issued in Leiden, The fifth edition served as a complementary volume to Species Plantarum The bibliography of Carl Linnaeus includes academic works about botany, zoology, nomenclature and taxonomy written by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus — Linnaeus laid the foundations for the modern scheme of binomial nomenclature and is known as the father of modern taxonomy.

His most famous works is Systema Naturae which is considered as the starting point for zoological nomenclature together with Species Plantarum which is internationally accepted as the beginning of modern botanical nomenclature. Critica Botanica was written by Swedish botanist, physician, zoologist and naturalist Carl Linnaeus — Isaac Rand — was an English botanist and apothecary, who was a lecturer and director at the Chelsea Physic Garden.

EFRAIN HERNANDEZ XOLOCOTZI PDF

Biodiversity Heritage Library

Title page of Hortus Cliffortianus The Hortus Cliffortianus is a work of early botanical literature published in Clifford, a wealthy Amsterdam banker was a keen botanist with a large herbarium and governor of the Dutch East India Company. He had the income to attract the talents of botanists such as Linnaeus and artists like Ehret. Together at the Clifford summer estate Hartecamp , which was located south of Haarlem in Heemstede near Bennebroek , they produced the first scholarly classification of an English garden. The garden at Hartekamp was already quite famous before George Clifford bought the place in Under his ownership, the number of unusual plants grew exponentially. He had 4 hothouses built to house the many tropical plants that he collected through his business connections from all over the world.

EPISIOTOMIA Y EPISIORRAFIA PDF

Linnaeus and Hortus Cliffortianus

Systematic ordering within the book Linnaeus ranked the plant species according to a sexual system which he himself had designed. The system is based on the number and shape of both male and female reproductive parts which determine the class into which the plant species is placed. Within this system every species was placed in a genus and given its own unique Latin adjective which often described the character which distinguishes it from the other species. Example given with picture from HC. Linnaeus also added synonymies — names which had previously been used by other authors for the same species.

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