Risk management — Principles and guidelines This standard has been revised by ISO Abstract ISO provides principles and generic guidelines on risk management. ISO can be used by any public, private or community enterprise, association, group or individual. Therefore, ISO is not specific to any industry or sector. ISO can be applied throughout the life of an organization, and to a wide range of activities, including strategies and decisions, operations, processes, functions, projects, products, services and assets.
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ISO is an international risk management standard. It can be applied to the achievement of any and all types of objectives at all organizational levels and in all areas. It can be used to help make decisions and can be applied to any and all types of activities. Risk Management Principles Develop an approach that is structured and comprehensive.
Make sure that your risk management approach is effective. Develop an approach that encourages the creation and protection of value. Develop an approach that encourages the achievement of goals and objectives.
Develop an approach that encourages the improvement of activities and outputs. Develop an approach that encourages the involvement of areas and functions. Develop an approach that encourages the participation of all stakeholders.
Develop an approach that encourages the use of reliable information. Make sure that your risk management approach is dynamic. Develop an approach that is capable of managing organizational change. Develop an approach that is capable of managing changes in risk. Develop an approach that is capable of adapting to changes in context. Develop an approach that is capable of managing changes in expectations. Develop an approach that encourages continual organizational improvement.
Make sure that your risk management approach is customized. Make sure that your framework accommodates human and cultural factors. Make sure that your framework addresses and responds to your context. Make sure that your process accommodates human and cultural factors. Make sure that your process addresses and responds to your context.
Ask stakeholders to support the establishment of a framework. Evaluate your existing risk management practices and processes. Ask your leaders to support a risk management framework. Ask oversight bodies to make a commitment to risk management. Ask top management to make a commitment to risk management. Ask your leaders to establish a risk management framework. Ask everyone in your organization to be responsible for managing risk. Use iterative methods to build risk management into your organization.
Develop a plan to implement your risk management framework. Allocate the resources needed to implement your framework. Periodically measure the performance of your risk management framework.
Periodically review the performance of your risk management framework. Risk Management Process 6. Plan the development of an iterative risk management process. Plan the implementation of an iterative risk management process. Discuss risk at every step of the risk management process.
Involve internal and external stakeholders at every step. Use communication to support your risk management process. Use consultation to support your risk management process.
Think about how the scope of your risk management process should be defined. Think about how your organization will evaluate the significance of its risks.
Think about what risk management should achieve. Think about what risk management should include. Consider your context as you develop your risk management process. Consider external influences during process design.
Consider external factors during process design. Consider external trends during process design. Consider external drivers during process design. Consider internal influences during process design. Consider your culture as you design your process. Consider your governance as you design your process. Consider your structure as you design your process. Consider your stakeholders as you design your process.
Consider your capabilities as you design your process. Consider your standards as you design your process. Consider your resources as you design your process. Identify the risks that your organization takes as it tries to achieve objectives. Define the types of risks that your organization is willing to tolerate. Define criteria to evaluate the significance or importance of your risks.
Consider your stakeholders when you define your risk criteria. Consider your framework when you define your risk criteria. Consider your organization when you define your risk criteria. Consider your methodology when you define your risk criteria. Clarify and update risk criteria at the beginning of every risk assessment.
Review and periodically amend risk criteria whenever this is necessary. Plan the performance of regular risk assessment activities and projects. Use the best available information and advice to carry out risk assessments. Find the risks that could influence the achievement of your objectives. Discuss the assumptions, biases, and beliefs of participants. Consider the nature and value of your assets and resources. Discover, discuss, and explore both actual and potential risks.
Recognize the risks that could influence the achievement of your objectives. Acknowledge the limits of knowledge and the reliability of your information. Describe the risks that could influence the achievement of your objectives.
Consider the risks that could affect objectives. Study actual and potential events and scenarios. Study the causes that could produce these events. Study the consequences that events could create. Study the controls that are used to manage risk. Estimate the level of the risk being analyzed. Determine and define your confidence level. Specify how much confidence you have in your results.
Document analytical results and conclusions. Document your assumptions and preconceptions. Communicate the results of your risk analysis. Use the results of your risk analysis to evaluate your risks. Compare estimated levels of risk with your risk criteria. Use your risk evaluation results to support decision making process.
Use the results of your evaluation to consider treatment options. Record your risk evaluation results. Communicate risk evaluation results. Design and develop an effective risk treatment process. Make sure that your risk treatment process is iterative. Make sure that process helps you to select risk treatment options.
Make sure that your process helps you to formulate risk treatment plans. Make sure that your process helps you to assess risk treatment results. Consider risk treatment options.
ISO Менеджмент рисков У организаций, связанных с рисками, могут возникнуть последствия, связанные с экономическими показателями и профессиональной репутацией, а также экологией, безопасностью и социальными результатами. Поэтому менеджмент рисков эффективно помогает организациям хорошо работать в условиях неопределенности. Представляет модель, включающую настройки и управление системой менеджмента: узнайте больше о стандартах систем менеджмента и их применении MSS. Принципы и руководящие указания содержит принципы, структуру и процесс управления рисками. Он может быть использован любой организацией независимо от ее размеров, вида деятельности или отрасли. Применение ISO может помогать организациям при повышении вероятности достижения целей, более эффективному выявлению возможностей и угроз, а также более эффективному распределению и применению ресурсов при мониторинге рисков. Однако ISO не может быть использован в целях сертификации, а служит руководством для внутренних или внешних аудиторских программ.
Main article: Risk One of the key paradigm shifts proposed in ISO is a controversial change in how risk is conceptualised and defined. Under both ISO and ISO Guide 73, the definition of "risk" is no longer "chance or probability of loss", but "effect of uncertainty on objectives" A similar definition was adopted in ISO Quality Management System Standard  , in which risk is defined as, "effect of uncertainty. Likewise, a broad new definition for stakeholder was established in ISO , "Person or persons that can affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by a decision or activity. Whereas the initial Standards Australia approach provided a process by which risk management could be undertaken, ISO addresses the entire management system that supports the design, implementation, maintenance and improvement of risk management processes. Implementation[ edit ] The intent of ISO is to be applied within existing management systems to formalize and improve risk management processes as opposed to wholesale substitution of legacy management practices.